Do you see blood on your gums or teeth while brushing? This might be a sign of gum disease. Gum disease at early stages is known as Gingivitis where the gums are only affected. If the infection goes below the gum line into the bones, it leads to periodontitis.
Both gingivitis and periodontitis are risky to your health. If untreated, it can lead to diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis, pneumonia and cancer. Some of the symptoms of gum diseases are-
- Red and swollen gums: Gum disease starts with inflammation along the gum line. You will feel tenderness or bleeding while brushing and flossing the teeth.
- Bad breath: Mouth is a home for bacteria that feed on the plaque. Bacteria release toxins that cause odor or foul smell.
Causes of gum disease-
The leftover food particles mix with saliva and bacteria that leads to the formation of plaque. If not treated, it causes tartar or calculus. These tartars are very hard to remove and can be eliminated by professional dental cleaning only. Few reasons are-
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Crooked or overlapped teeth
- Changes in hormones during pregnancy, puberty and menopause
- Cancer and its treatment
- Intake of alcohol
- Consumption of sugary foods
To avoid further issue, the symptoms should be treated as soon as you observe them. A most common symptom is bleeding regularly while brushing and flossing the teeth.
If you or someone you know is suffering through this issue, then they should try out the below home remedies to treat the gum disease–
- Rinse with saltwater
Saltwater is one of the best solutions that help in healing the body. Rinsing the mouth after a meal with saltwater relieves the inflamed gums caused due to gingivitis. Steps of using saltwater-
- Pour lukewarm water in a glass
- Mix 3/4th spoon of salt
- Swirl the saltwater inside the mouth
- Spit it out
- Do this for 2-3 times everyday
- A mouthwash made at home
There are many types of homemade mouthwash that can be used to treat gum disease.
- Lemongrass oil
This helps in reducing the gingivitis and plaque. To make this mouthwash, mix 2-3 drops of lemongrass oil in water. Swirl in the mouth and spit out.
- Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera can be used as it is instead of diluting. Do it for 2-3 times by swirling in the mouth and spitting out.
- Tea tree oil
This helps in reducing the bleeding. Add 2-3 drops of tea tree oil into warm water and use like other mouthwashes.
- Turmeric gel
Turmeric is used for treating many other diseases due to anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties. Turmeric gel helps in preventing plaque and treats gum disease. Apply it on the gums and leave for 10 minutes. After this, rinse with water and spit out.
Oil reduces bacteria and plaque build-up that are the reasons for gum disease. Put 2 teaspoons of oil in the mouth for 30 minutes. Swirl it around and spit out. Then, drink a glass of water before cleaning the teeth. Oils can be used includes-
- Coconut oil
- Arimedadi oil
These home remedies will reduce the effect of infection and prevent it from spreading further in the gums. If they do not give expected results and you still experience severe issues, then visit your nearest dentist today.
It is also important to maintain good oral hygiene so to avoid such issues in future. Some of the practices recommended by dentists are:
- Brush your teeth twice a day
- Floss once a day at least to get rid of bacteria
- Rinse the mouth with mouthwash after every meal
- Avoid sugary foods
- Quit smoking and alcohol
- Go for regular cleanings and dental examination
The above activities will help you in maintain good oral healthcare and protect you from various gums and teeth issues.